Tribunal members

Present Members   

Lord Justice Singh (President)

Rabinder_SinghThe Right Honourable Sir Rabinder Singh has been a member of the Investigatory Powers Tribunal since 2016 and was appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal in October 2017. He was appointed President on 27 September 2018.

Lord Justice Singh was called to the Bar in 1989 and practised at the Bar from 1990 to 2011. He was on the Attorney General’s Panels of Junior Counsel to the Crown from 1992 to 2002. He was also additional Junior Counsel to the Inland Revenue from 1997 to 2002. He was appointed Queen’s Counsel in 2002 and Chaired the Administrative Law Bar Association from 2006 to 2008.

From 2003 to 2011 he was a Deputy High Court Judge and Recorder of the Crown Court from 2004 to 2011. He was appointed High Court Judge - Queen's Bench Division - in October 2011 and was a Presiding Judge of the South Eastern Circuit from 2013 to 2016. He was also Administrative Court liaison judge for Wales and the Midland and Western circuits during 2017.

He was a visiting Professor of Law at the London School of Economics from 2003 to 2009 and has been an Honorary Professor of Law at Nottingham University since 2007 and a Visiting Fellow, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford since 2016.
His publications include 'The Future of Human Rights in the UK (1997)' and as co-author with Sir Jack Beatson and others, 'Human Rights: Judicial Enforcement in the UK (2008)'.

Charles Flint QC

Charles Flint QC is a former head of Blackstone Chambers. He specialises in financial services regulation and acts as a mediator in banking and financial services disputes. He is a non-executive director of the Dubai Financial Services Authority, a deputy chairman of the Bar Mutual Indemnity Fund Limited, a member of the Club Financial Control Panel of the Union of European Football Associations and President of the National Anti-Doping Panel. He has been a Member of the Tribunal since 2009.

Christopher Gardner QC

Christopher Gardner has been a Member of the Tribunal since 2009.  He practised both as a barrister (called 1968) and Queen's Counsel (1994) from Lamb Chambers, Temple in all forms of contractual and tortious dispute, professional negligence, sports injuries, product liability, insurance, health & safety, personal injury and clinical malpractice.  He was appointed a Recorder in 1993 and is a Chartered Arbitrator and Accredited Mediator.

He is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (1999), Fellow of the Society for Advanced Legal Studies (1999), Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine (2000) and Fellow of the Commonwealth Judicial Education Institute (2013).  He was appointed Chief Justice of the Turks and Caicos Islands, British West Indies, from 2004-2007 and was Chief Justice of the Falkland Islands, South Georgia, South Sandwich, British Antarctic Territory and British Indian Ocean Territory from 2007- 2015.

Sir Richard McLaughlin

Sir Richard served as High Court judge during a 40-year legal career in Northern Ireland. He held office as a Judge of the Supreme Court of Judicature of Northern Ireland from 1999 to his retirement in 2012. In addition, he was deputy Chair of the Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland, Chair of Servicing the Legal System, Member of the Judicial Studies Board and Chair of the Bar Council of Northern Ireland. He is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, LL.B, Queen’s University Belfast 1970, LL.M University of Strathclyde 1997. He was appointed to the Tribunal in September 2014.

Susan O’Brien QC

Susan O’Brien QC is in practice at the Scottish Bar, where she specialises in personal injury and medical negligence.  She was the first Chair of the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry from 2015-2016. She was a part-time Employment Judge from 2000 to 2015, and a part-time Chairman of Pension Appeal Tribunals from 2012 to 2015.  She was a part-time Sheriff from 1995-1999.  She was a member of the panel of legal assessors for the General Teaching Council of Scotland from 2005-2010, and a Reporter for the Scottish Legal Aid Board 1999-2005.  She was Chair of the Caleb Ness Inquiry for Edinburgh and Lothian Child Protection Committee, which reported in 2003.  She was an elected office bearer of the Faculty of Advocates when she was Chairman of Faculty Services Ltd from 2005-2007.  She was a Governor of Heriot-Watt University 2012-16.  Prior to calling to the Bar, she was a Solicitor for 6 years. As junior counsel she acted for various government departments in judicial reviews. She was appointed to this Tribunal in 2009.

Professor Graham Zellick CBE QC

Graham Zellick read law at Cambridge (MA, PhD) and was then Ford Foundation Fellow at the Stanford Law School in California. He became Professor of Public Law at Queen Mary and Westfield College and later served as Drapers’ Professor of Law, Head of the Department of Law and Dean of the Faculty of Laws. He was Principal of the College from 1990 to 1998 and Vice-Chancellor and President of the University of London for six years before becoming Chairman of the Criminal Cases Review Commission. From January 2009 to August 2015, he was the first President of the Valuation Tribunal for England.
Professor Zellick is a Master of the Bench and former Reader of the Middle Temple, an Honorary Fellow of the Society for Advanced Legal Studies, Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences and an Honorary Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.
He was editor of Public Law and founding editor of European Human Rights Reports, was one of the first Electoral Commissioners, a member of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel, the Competition Appeal Tribunal, the Data Protection Tribunal and the Lord Chancellor’s Legal Aid Advisory Committee. Professor Zellick was appointed to the Tribunal in January 2013.

Mr Justice Edis

Sir Andrew Edis was appointed as a High Court Judge in October 2014, assigned to the Queen’s Bench Division.  He was educated at Liverpool College and University College, Oxford.  Called to the Bar in 1980, he took silk in 1997.  His practice in silk included prosecuting and defending serious criminal cases, including terrorism.  He was appointed Senior Treasury Counsel at the Central Criminal Court and served from 2008-2014.  He was Head of Chambers at Atlantic Chambers in Liverpool from 2000-2006.”

Mr Justice Sweeney

Sir Nigel Sweeney has been a judge of the High Court of Justice, Queen's Bench Division since 2008. He was called to the Bar in 1976, was appointed a Recorder in 1997, was First Senior Prosecuting Counsel to the Crown from 1997 to 2000, and became Queen's Counsel in 2000. He is a Bencher of the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple.  He was formerly the Judge in charge of the Terrorism List and a Presiding Judge of the South Eastern Circuit."

Christopher Symons QC

Christopher Symons QC practised as a commercial barrister from 3 Verulam Buildings Gray’s Inn until 2016. He was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple in 1972 and took silk in 1989. His practice largely consisted of insurance and reinsurance matters with some professional negligence work. He was head of chambers from 2000 to 2011. He now sits as a Commercial Arbitrator dealing with commercial disputes in London and elsewhere. He sat both as a Recorder of the Crown Court and as a Deputy High Court Judge where much of his time was spent sitting in the Administrative Court. He was the Treasurer of Middle Temple in 2013. He is the President of the Lloyd’s Appeal Tribunal dealing with disciplinary matters arising from Lloyd’s of London. He was made a Member of the Tribunal in 2018.

Desmond Browne QC

Desmond Browne is Joint Head of 5RB, a set of chambers specialising in all aspects of media law, including privacy. He took silk in 1990 and sat as a Recorder of the Crown Court from 1994 to 2009, in which year he became Chairman of the Bar of England and Wales. In 2015 he was elected Treasurer of Gray’s Inn and the following year was appointed President of the Council of the Inns of Court. In that capacity he is ultimately responsible for the operation of the Bar’s disciplinary tribunals and the Inns of Court College of Advocacy. He was made a member of the Tribunal in 2018.

Previous members

Sir Michael Burton 

Sir Michael Burton was a scholar at Eton College and then at Balliol College, Oxford, where he read Classics and then Law, obtaining his MA: he was a lecturer in law at Balliol from 1970 to 1973. He was called to the Bar in 1970, became a QC in 1984, and was appointed a High Court Judge in 1998. He had a busy commercial practice in the Queen’s Bench Division, Chancery Division, Commercial Court and Employment courts, in a wide variety of fields of Law. He sat for many years as a Recorder and Deputy High Court Judge and was Head of Littleton Chambers from 1991 to 1998.

Since his appointment as a High Court Judge he has sat in Queen’s Bench and Chancery Divisions, Commercial Court, Administrative Court, Family Division, Revenue List and the Employment Appeal Tribunal, of which he was President from October 2002 to December 2005, and remains a nominated judge. He was Chairman of the High Court Judges Association from 2010-11. He has been since 2000 the Chairman of the Central Arbitration Committee, pursuant to the Employment Relations Act 1999. He was Treasurer of Gray’s Inn in 2012 and remains a Bencher, and is an Honorary Fellow of Goldsmiths College, University of London   He is editor of Civil Appeals (2nd Ed Sweet & Maxwell 2013). He was Vice-President of the Investigatory Powers Tribunal from its inception in 2000 until appointed its President in October 2013.

Sir John Mummery

The Rt Hon Lord Justice Mummery was appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal in October  1996 He was born in Kent and educated at Dover County Grammar School; Pembroke College, Oxford 1959 - 63 (MA, BCL: Winter Williams Prize in Law ; Hon Fellow, 1989).  He was called to the Bar at Gray's Inn (Atkin School), in 1964.  He served as a Bencher in 1985 and Treasury Junior Counsel : in Charity Matters, 1977 - 81 : Chancery 1981 - 89 : He served as a Recorder, 1989.

Further he has been a member of the Senate of Inns of Court and Bar, 1979 - 81.   He was a Member of the Justice Committee on Privacy and the Law, 1967 - 70 ;  Sir John has been a Judge of the High Court of Justice, Chancery Division; from 1993 – 1996, President of the Employment Appeal Tribunal, a Lord Justice of Appeal from 2000 and the President of this Tribunal from its inception in 2000 until his retirement from both positions in September 2013.

Dame Sue Carr

Dame Sue Carr is a judge of the High Court of Justice, Queen's Bench Division. She was called to the Bar in 1987, became Queen’s Counsel in 2003 and was appointed a Recorder in 2009. She was chairman of the Professional Negligence Bar Association in 2007 and 2008 and chairman of the Conduct Committee of the Bar Standards Board from 2008 to 2010 before becoming head of her chambers in 2012. In April 2011 she was appointed Commissioner to the Disciplinary Board for counsel intervening in proceedings before the International Criminal Court at The Hague. She was appointed a High Court Judge on 14 June 2013. She is a governing Bencher of the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple and a member of the board of the Judicial College. She was appointed to the Tribunal in February 2014. She resigned from the IPT in January 2016 upon her appointment as Presiding Judge of the Midland Circuit.

Sir Richard Gaskell

Sir Richard Gaskell was born in 1936 and knighted in 1989. He was a former President of the Law Society, member of the Security Service Tribunal between 1989 and 2000, the Intelligence Services Tribunal between 1994 and 2000 and was a Member of this Tribunal from 2001 until his retirement in 2011.

Sir Anthony Holland

Sir Anthony was appointed to the Tribunal in July 2009. Sir Anthony was also appointed as the Financial Services Complaints Commissioner on 3rd September 2004 for a three-year term. He was re-appointed as the Complaints Commissioner for a further three years from 3rd September 2007 and has been recently re-appointed for a further three years from 3rd September 2010. He has served as the Chairman or Governor of a number of bodies and was President of the Law Society (1990-91). Sir Anthony is a member of the Board of the Pension Protection Fund (appointed July 2010). In January 2011, he was appointed a lay member of the Speakers Committee for the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority. He retired in July 2014.

Sheriff Principal John McInnes QC LLD DL

Sheriff Principal John McInnes QC LLD DL was a member of the Investigatory Powers Tribunal from its inception until his death on 12 October 2011. 

His Honour Geoffrey Rivlin QC

His Honour Geoffrey Rivlin QC was appointed a Circuit Judge in 1989, and a Senior Circuit Judge (Senior Resident Judge at Southwark Crown Court) in 2004. In 2008 he became Hon. Recorder of the City of Westminster, retiring from the Bench in 2011. As a judge he also sat as a Deputy High Court Judge and a judge in the Court of Appeal (Criminal Division). Since retiring from the Bench he has acted as Adviser to the Director of the Serious Fraud Office and chaired a Bar Council Report on the Criminal Bar. He was appointed to the Tribunal in January 2013 and retired in November 2015.

Sir Philip Sales

The Rt. Hon Sir Philip Sales was appointed First Treasury Junior Counsel (Common Law) in 1997. He became a QC in 2006 and continued to act in the re-named post of First Treasury Counsel until his appointment to the High Court, Chancery Division in 2008. He was an Assistant Recorder, 1999–2001; Recorder, 2001–08; and Deputy High Court Judge, 2004–08. He has been a member of the Competition Appeal Tribunal since 2008 and was appointed Vice-President of the Investigatory Powers Tribunal in 2014. He was Deputy Chair of the Boundary Commission for England, 2009-2014. He was appointed to the Tribunal in February 2014, he resigned from this Tribunal when he was appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal in the autumn of 2014.

Robert Seabrook QC

Robert Seabrook QC was called to the Bar in 1964 and took silk in 1983. His wide-ranging experience crosses jurisdictions. In recent years he has concentrated on the fields of clinical negligence, medical disciplinary work and substantial matrimonial finance and property cases.

He was educated at St Georges College, Harare, Zimbabwe and University College London (LL.B). He has been a Deputy High Court Judge, Chairman of the Bar of England and Wales 1994, Leader of South Eastern Circuit 1989-92, member of the Criminal Justice Consultative Council (1995-2002). In addition he has served as a Recorder (1985-2007). Mr Seabrook was a Member of the Interception of Communications Tribunal (1996-1999) which pre-dated the Investigatory Powers Tribunal and has been a Member of this Tribunal since 2000. He retired in September 2016.


Last updated: 5 Jul 16